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Population Dynamics, Part A: Connecting Past, Present and Future, Part A:Push and Pull Forces in Settling America
Author(s): Jeffrey Potash, & Jennifer Andersen Subject: Cross-Curricular
  The Population Dynamics series are designed to supplement existing high school history curricula and be largely self-directed by students outside of class time. The lessons are intended to introduce students to a variety of systems tools (behavior-over-time graphs, stock/flow maps, models/simulations) alongside primary and secondary historical resources. Part A focuses on the impact of population on the settlement of New England (1630).

Complex Systems Connection: Separate Cause and Effect. The interactions of population dynamics with changes in the environment and social systems of a nation play out over time. The story of American settlement is not complete without understanding the conditions people in England experienced before deciding to cross an ocean to a new land. Cause within System. This systems view is organized around three sectors: population dynamics, environmental factors, and changing social systems. Their interactions in England during colonial times contributed to Puritan emigration to New England.
  Link to the file: http://clexchange.org/curriculum/complexsystems/populationdynamics/popdynA.asp
Oscillations: Characteristics of Complex Systems in K-12 Education Project
Author(s): Jennifer Andersen, Anne LaVigne, & in collaboration with the CLE Subject: Cross-Curricular
  Led by a partnership between MIT Professor Emeritus Jay W. Forrester and the Creative Learning Exchange, the goal of the Characteristics of Complex Systems Project is to create online curricula for ages five and above that will illustrate the characteristics of complex systems. In exploring the nature of complex social systems, the curricula address questions such as – why do such systems resist policy changes? Why are short-term and long-term responses to corrective action often at odds with each other? How can leverage points be applied to bring about desirable change in social systems? The goals of the project are grounded in the belief that an abstract level of understanding of social systems will help prepare future citizens to actively shape their society. The lessons and simulations are based upon the fourth characteristic of complex systems: the cause of the problem is within the system.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF
Oscillations 7C: Hog Wild: Fluctuations in Commodities Markets
Author(s): Anne LaVigne, Jennifer Andersen, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  This model illustrates how a commodity often oscillates over time based on supply, demand, and price. Students explore a pork commodity, comparing simulation results given two scenarios for large and small farms.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF

Link to the simulation: http://www.clexchange.org/curriculum/complexsystems/oscillation/Oscillation_CommoditiesC.asp
Oscillations 7B: From Farm to Table: The Ups and Downs of What We Buy
Author(s): Anne LaVigne, Jennifer Andersen, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  This lesson explores a commodity market, hog farming, periods from two different perspectives. Students experience a simulated large and small farm, comparing the similarities and differences among trends, including retail pork prices and availability of pork.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF

Link to the simulation: http://www.clexchange.org/curriculum/complexsystems/oscillation/Oscillation_CommoditiesB.asp
Oscillations 7 Background Information
Author(s): Jennifer Andersen, Anne LaVigne, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  Commodities are a class of goods that can be produced in such a way that it is difficult or impossible to distinguish one instance of the commodity from another. The price of the commodity is determined as a function of the market as a whole, not in regard to who produced it or how it was produced. Commodities share a common problem in that prices and production exhibit repeating cycles. This simulation introduces students to the concept of commodity cycles by comparing two types of hog farms: • Large; over 2000 hogs produced per year and primarily serving the price-conscience consumer • Small; fewer than 2000 hogs per year and primarily serving the quality-conscience consumer.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
 
Oscillations 6C: The Big Squeeze: Pressure, Achievement and Burnout
Author(s): Anne LaVigne, Jennifer Andersen, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  This model illustrates a workaholic situation where pressure is entirely internally generated through increasing one’s own expectations for oneself. Overachievers can understand how setting the bar ever higher can be unhealthy behavior over the long-term even though they have been successful with this strategy so far in life.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF

Link to the simulation: http://www.clexchange.org/curriculum/complexsystems/oscillation/Oscillation_BurnoutC.asp
Oscillations 6B Running in Circles: How Fast Can We Go?
Author(s): Anne LaVigne, Jennifer Andersen, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  This lesson explores individual choices and work styles and how some of those choices may lead to cycles of burnout. Students take on the role of "advisor" to friends who are experiencing these cycles and also reflect on their own personal life choices.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF

Link to the simulation: http://www.clexchange.org/curriculum/complexsystems/oscillation/Oscillation_BurnoutB.asp
Oscillations 6 Background Information
Author(s): Jennifer Andersen, Anne LaVigne, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  Burnout is a condition characterized by apathy and low energy. It is a severe reaction to stress. A typical candidate for burnout is a high-achiever, someone who is his/her own worst enemy and constantly puts pressure on himself/herself to excel in all areas of their lives. This simulation offers one hypothesis for how a typical overachiever may repeatedly drive himself/herself into periods of low activity and achievement by depleting his or her energy reserves. While the screen images, role-playing description and parameter settings presented in this document refer to the C-level simulation, most of the information is relevant to the B-level simulation as well.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF
Oscillations 5C Eat and Be Eaten: Predator as Prey, Prey as Predator
Author(s): Anne LaVigne, Jennifer Andersen, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  The model for Lesson 5 explores a moose and wolf population. Students take on the role of wildlife manager and control hunting policies for both predator and prey populations.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF

Link to the simulation: http://www.clexchange.org/curriculum/complexsystems/oscillation/Oscillation_BiomassC.asp
Oscillations 5B Circles of interaction: Predator, Prey, and Plants
Author(s): Anne LaVigne, Jennifer Andersen, & in collaboration with the Creative Learning Exchange Subject: Cross-Curricular
  This lesson explores predator, prey, and plants within an ecosystem. Students role-play being a wildlife manager who is doing on-the-job training.

Complex Systems Connection: Cause within System. Five interdisciplinary areas are covered in a series of lessons, utilizing a family of models that all generate oscillation. Oscillation in real-world systems is often considered problematic rather than a consequence of system structure. This progression of lessons will help students understand that undesirable behavior can be a consequence of system structure and not a result of outside, uncontrollable influences. In other words, a system that oscillates does so because it has an inherent tendency to do so.
  PDF

Link to the simulation: http://www.clexchange.org/curriculum/complexsystems/oscillation/Oscillation_BiomassB.asp
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